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The Pathfinder N°33

NOVEMBER 2020

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L'Eclaireur N°32

NOVEMBER 2020

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L'Eclaireur N°31

SEPTEMBER 2020

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The Scout N°30

SEPTEMBER 2020

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L'Eclaireur N°29

JUNE 2020

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The Scout N°28

MARCH 2020

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L'Eclaireur N°27

FEBRUARY 2020

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The Scout N°26

DECEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°25

DECEMBER 2019

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L'Eclaireur N°24

DECEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°23

NOVEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°22

NOVEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°21

OCTOBER 2019

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The Scout N°20

OCTOBER 2019

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The Scout N°19

SEPTEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°18

SEPTEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°17

SEPTEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°16

JULY 2019

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The Scout N°15

JUNE 2019

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The Scout N°14

JUNE 2019

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Number 24 - 02 December 2019

The Pathfinder is a subject-oriented watch for prospective studies on air-land operations, currently conducted by the Command Doctrine and Training Centre (CDEC).

This document is based solely on unclassified sources. Its purpose is to provide a quick fortnightly overview of the information disseminated in the media and likely to be of interest to the world of defence. The briefs collected are limited to raw summaries of the documents analysed and cross-checked whenever possible by interviews conducted by its editors. It is therefore up to each reader to contextualise this information, particularly when it comes from official foreign sources, according to the use he or she wishes to make of it and the nature of the conclusions that he or she must draw from it.





"SOCOM is field testing lightweight body armor originally developed for its 'Iron Man' suit".

Task and Purpose, 13 November 2019

(source cross-checking)

After having temporarily abandoned the TALOS (Tactical Assault LightOperator Suit) tactical light armour programme, which was considered too ambitious, the US Operations Command (US SOCOM) announced that a new type of armour was being evaluated. Derived from the TALOS programme, this polyethylene combat armour would offer protection against small arms fire to more than 44% of the body, compared with about 19% for bullet-proof vests. It would be 25% lighter than standard protection.

As a reminder, last September, theArmy Research Lab announced that it had developed a new ultra-light polyethylene (UHMWPE), inspired by the manufacture of mother-of-pearl by pearl oysters (cf. Eclaireur n° 19).



"MBDA's Mistral 3 Missile Double Success."

MBDA Press Release, November 15, 2019

(single source)

On 6 November, MBDA demonstrated the increased capabilities of the Mistral 3 missile by successfully intercepting a moving Mirach 40 type drone more than 7 km away in front of 15 foreign delegations. Currently in service with the French land forces, this missile is equipped with an infrared imagery seeker and advanced image processing capabilities, enabling it to engage targets with low heat signatures at great distances, while offering strong resistance to possible countermeasures. As a reminder, the Mistral 3 is a fire-and-forget air defence missile that can reach speeds of up to 930m/s.



"Russia launches S-400 production for India, delivery to begin by 2025."

Tass, November 18, 2019

(source cross-checking)

Russia began production of S-400 missiles last week as part of a delivery contract for India. The Indian government had announced its intention to acquire the Russian S-400 missile system in 2015. The contract was signed last year during President Vladimir Putin's visit to India for $5.4 billion. Cooperation between the two countries is intensifying and should also include India's purchase of the Russian Kamov Ka-226 light multi-purpose helicopter.

Availability : 2025



"Can bacteria be used for bomb detection?"

Army technology, November 18, 2019.

(single source)

DARPA(Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) has signed a contract with Raytheon and Signature Science to develop bacteria capable of detecting and indicating the presence of buried explosives. To do this, two strains of bacteria are used, the first detects the presence of explosives and transmits the information to the second, which emits an incandescent light. Thanks to this light, cameras or unmanned vehicles (UAVs) will be able to locate the explosives. The 18-month project is expected to be completed in 2021.

Availability : 2021



"Soldiers test new IVAS technology capabilities during hand-on exercises."

US Army, 20 November 2019

(source cross-checking)

After announcing last February that it had ordered 100,000 Hololens 2 visual augmentation systems from Microsoft as part of the IVAS (Integrated Visual Augmentation System) program, the US Army tested these systems for the first time during an exercise at the Fort Pickett base in Virginia. These augmented reality goggles can be used in particular to project information in real time into the field of vision, to assist in target acquisition or to provide nyctalope vision. Designed primarily as a preparation and training system, they are expected to go into service at the end of 2021.

Availability : 2021



"Elbit unveils new micro UAS."

Jane's, November 22, 2019

(source cross-checking)

The Israeli company Elbit unveiled on November 20th its new micro drone called Magni. Weighing 2.5 kg, it would have a range of 3 km at a maximum altitude of about 1,200 m and an autonomy of 30 minutes. Capable of carrying a 350-gram payload, it would allow the units to improve their situational awareness by carrying two day and thermal imaging cameras. Controlled by a tablet, this UAV would have the particularity of being launched from a moving vehicle. With this new product, Elbit intends to compete with the Chinese company DJI, which already equips the Israeli army with micro drones.




"Video: the DGA flies an aerostat in the Breton sky."

Ministry of the Armed Forces, 21 November 2019

(single source)

A few months after the experiment, the French Armament Procurement Agency (DGA) announced that it had tested for two weeks an aerial demonstrator for measuring the electromagnetic environment called CERBERE (ROEM experimental capability for balloons and light aerostats). The development of CERBERE meets the needs of armed forces faced with a high density of electronic emissions. Indeed, by reducing masking effects, altitude increases the detection capability. As for the balloon, it allows a longer permanence and at lower cost than a fleet of aircraft or drones.




MiliPol 2019: presentation of the K9 vision system (on-board cameras for dog units)

MiliPol exhibition, 21 November 2019

(single source)

On the occasion of the MiliPol 2019 exhibition, which was held in Paris from 19 to 22 November, the companies T&S Concepts and Morin presented their K9 Vision System, a system of on-board cynotechnical cameras. This system allows live video and radio transmission using 2 cameras (front and rear), colour and black and white, mounted on a light mask (140 grams) worn by a dog. It is equipped with an infrared night vision lamp. With a range of 800 m, it has an autonomy of 4 hours. The K9 Vision System responds to a real operational need of the cynotechnical units, allowing them to increase both their visual field and their ability to give orders remotely, thanks to an integrated earpiece.


Milipol 2019: presentation of the Armin radio tactical assistant

Milipol exhibition, 21 November 2019

(single source)

At Milipol 2019, Armin, a Thales group start-up, presented its new radio guaranteeing seamless voice communication, thanks to a multi-network relay for smartphones connected or not to a radio. This radio would work with all kinds of data (including videos) and would adapt to all networks (LTE, WIFI, SAT), without affecting quality. Armin Com' protected instant messaging and Armin Map customized mapping would be accessible for teams of up to 15 people.



MiliPol 2019: presentation of the latest version of the Nerod F5 from MC2 Technologies

MiliPol exhibition, 21 November 2019

(single source)

The Lille-based start-up MC2 Technologies presented the latest version of the Nerod F5 3.0 UAV weapon. It is a wave jammer capable of disrupting and neutralizing all means of communication used by civilian UAVs thanks to directional antennas. Presented during the July 14, 2019 parade, the weapon would now be lighter (from 8kg to 7kg), more ergonomic and more resistant to shocks. Using the same batteries as those in service in the army, they could be changed quickly and without losing the targeting already done.





"Collective cyber defense in Europe? The link between European and transatlantic cyber defence."

IRSEM, October 23, 2019

In this research note, Morgan Jouy starts from the premise that cyber conflict could occur and that cyber threats continue to grow, to reaffirm the usefulness of collective defence in cyberspace. Europe, thanks to the presence of NATO and the EU and the strong ties between the countries of the region, appears to be the ideal location for the establishment of such a defence. The aim of this note is therefore to compare the different cyber defence structures and to identify elements of subsidiarity and complementarity, in order to better articulate and strengthen them.



"A Modern Army Reserve for a Multi-Domain World: Structural Realities and Untapped Potential".

SSI, US Army War College, October 2019

Major General Lew Irwin attempts to identify challenges and opportunities for the U.S. Army Reserve. In the context of the new requirements arising from the 2018 National Defence Strategy, the US Army has developed a reflection on multi-domain operations (land, sea, air, space, cyber) and the evolution of complex threats at the strategic and operational levels. In order to meet these new challenges, an expansion of reserve missions will be necessary and implies, for the author, a series of legislative, structural and policy changes.



"Russia's comeback isn't stopping with Syria"

New York Times, 12 November 2019

Russia's return to the international arena in recent years has come as a surprise to Western powers, which had confined it to a role as a regional power since the fall of the USSR, according to Dimitri Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center. The sanctions imposed after the invasion of the Crimea have not weakened Russia in any lasting way, as evidenced by its military and political successes in Syria. It has enhanced its prestige and provided legitimacy to Moscow's claims. But Russia's achievements in the Near and Middle East go far beyond Syria. Moscow enjoys "flexible semi-alliances" with Turkey and Iran, oil price agreements with Saudi Arabia and recently re-established military ties with Egypt. If this record is anything to go by, Russia's new foreign policy is not so much about questioning the world order as about Russia's place in it.





"Alfred Nobel and the history of dynamite"

ThoughtCo, September 20, 2019

A Swedish engineer, inventor and industrialist, Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was responsible for the construction of many bridges and buildings in Stockholm. During the construction of his various works, he understood the need to find a new way of destroying rocks. He began experiments with nitroglycerine, an explosive substance invented by the Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrerio in 1846. In 1866, he managed to tame the volatility of this substance, a liquid in its natural state, by mixing it with silica. He obtained a malleable paste that he called "dynamite" and registered his patent on November 25, 1867. Dynamite was first used in a bomb during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.



The 75 mm gun

CDEC, Pôles Etudes et Prospective, December 2, 2019

Nicknamed the "king's gun", the 75 mm gun (model 1897) was a revolutionary piece of field artillery for the French army. This model alone brings together all the innovations of 19th century artillery, such as the use of smokeless powder, encased ammunition, fusing shell, breech loading, and an oleopneumatic recoil brake. First used in June 1900, during the international expedition of the alliance of eight nations against the Boxer revolt, it very quickly proved its worth by enabling artillerymen to make rapid fire. During the First World War, he also played a decisive role in the battles of the Marne (1914) and Verdun (1916). Its use continued until the Second World War and even the Indochina War. The "75" is also known by Parisians to sound 21 times in the capital on the occasion of the investiture ceremony of the President of the Republic.


 


 
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