The multilingual contents of the site are the result of an automatic translation.
 

 
 
 
 
 
Français
English
Français
English
 
 
 
 
Previous | 1 . 2 | Next

The Pathfinder N°33

NOVEMBER 2020

Reading...

L'Eclaireur N°32

NOVEMBER 2020

Reading...

L'Eclaireur N°31

SEPTEMBER 2020

Reading...

The Scout N°30

SEPTEMBER 2020

Reading...

L'Eclaireur N°29

JUNE 2020

Reading...

The Scout N°28

MARCH 2020

Reading...

L'Eclaireur N°27

FEBRUARY 2020

Reading...

The Scout N°26

DECEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°25

DECEMBER 2019

Reading...

L'Eclaireur N°24

DECEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°23

NOVEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°22

NOVEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°21

OCTOBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°20

OCTOBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°19

SEPTEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°18

SEPTEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°17

SEPTEMBER 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°16

JULY 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°15

JUNE 2019

Reading...

The Scout N°14

JUNE 2019

Reading...
Previous | 1 . 2 | Next




Number 17 - July 19, 2019

The Pathfinder is a subject-oriented watch for prospective studies on air-land operations, currently conducted by the Command Doctrine and Training Centre (CDEC).

This document is based solely on unclassified sources. Its purpose is to provide a quick fortnightly overview of the information disseminated in the media and likely to be of interest to the world of defence. The briefs collected are limited to raw summaries of the documents analysed and cross-checked whenever possible by interviews conducted by its editors. It is therefore up to each reader to contextualise this information, particularly when it comes from official foreign sources, according to the use he or she wishes to make of it and the nature of the conclusions that he or she must draw from it.





"U.S. Army's top research center unveils Robotic Combat Vehicle."

Defence Blog, July 3, 2019

(single source)

As part of the Next-Generation Combat Vehic le (NGCV) program, theUS Army CCDC Ground Vehicle Systems Centre unveiled its prototype remotely operated combat vehicle, the Robotic Combat Vehicle (RCV ), on July1. Built on an M113 chassis, this vehicle would offer different configurations to operate in any type of environment. Three models should therefore see thelight of day (RCV-Light, RCV-Medium, RCV-Heavy), equipped with specific loads and equipment. Initially, a manned variant of this vehicle could remotely control two to four unmanned RSCs via a radio link system. Eventually, this vehicle could be totally autonomous thanks to the integration of a set of technologies (artificial intelligence, sensors, etc.).

Availability : 2020



"Подразделения БПЛА будут созданы во во всех дивизиях спецназа и морской пехоты"

"Drone units will be created in all Special Forces and Marine Infantry divisions."

Roman Kretcul and Alexei Ramm, Izvestia, 2 July 2019

(single source)

Several units of the Russian armed forces are expected to be equipped with multi-role tactical drones soon, the Russian Defense Ministry told the Russian news site Izvestia. "It is expected that the new aerodynes will carry out not only reconnaissance missions, but also strikes with miniature bombs," the news site added. These aerodynes are expected to eventually equip land, sea, airborne and special forces units. No information has yet been disclosed on the technical characteristics of these drones.

Availability: N/A



"U.S. Army to upgrade all its Avenger defense systems."

Defence Blog, 6 July 2019

(single source)

TheUS Army has unveiled plans to modernize the Avengers short-range air defense systems. Composed of a Stinger ground-to-air missile (range 4800 meters, ceiling 3800 meters) usually integrated on a Humvee, this system aims to provide a mobile anti-aircraft protection capability against missiles, aircraft and drones. Initiated last year, the first phase of the program includes the integration of a new "Slew-to-Cue" guidance console for all Avengers systems by the end of September 2020. This new system will automate the rotation of the turret as well as automatically lock targets transmitted by remote radars. The second stage of this program will include the installation of an improved friend/enemy identification system, a new fire control computer and a 50 mm calibre machine gun. This second phase is scheduled to start at the end of 2020 and is expected to run until 2023.

Availability : 2023



"Royal Marines test Lightweight Multirole Missile."

Army Technology, 5 July 2019

(source cross-checking)

The Royal Marines have reportedly successfully tested a multi-role missile, the laser guided Lightweight Multi role Missile (LMM). Designed and manufactured in the United Kingdom by Thales UK, it could engage a wide variety of targets: light armoured vehicles, troop transports, helicopters, drones or rapid attack ships. The test was carried out using Banshee training drones as targets, demonstrating the missile's ability to strike on the first strike. Fired from the shoulder, it is controlled by a joystick. Produced since 2013, it can also be fired from a tripod, vehicle, helicopter, drone or ship. Laser-guided, it carries a double charge, fragmentation and shaped charge, for a maximum range of 6,000 metres and a weight of 13 kg. It will eventually replace the High Velocity Missile (HVM), which has equipped the Royal Navy and artillery since 1997.

Availability : immediate



"Bringing F-35 technology to the rotorcraft world"

Tamir Eshel, Defense Update, 19 June 2019

(single source)

During the Paris Air Show, Elbit System presented its new X-Sight integrated helmet, intended for helicopter pilots, using the same technologies as the helmets of the F-35 (notably produced by Elbit System). Thishelmet-mounted display is equipped with display technologies that superimpose synthetic images and real vision. Instead of a binocular system, night vision is directly integrated into the helmet. The system is connected to a 360° vision of the aircraft allowing the pilot to spot unmapped obstacles even in reduced visibility. A first prototype of this helmet is currently being tested by the company Elbit with a view to improvements.

Availability : N/A



"Уникалную переносную станцию разведки разведки впервые показали на военно-морском салоне"

"A unique portable intelligence station was presented for the first time at the Naval Defense exhibition"

Telekanal Zvezda, Daria Mixailina, 11 July 2019

(source cross-checking)

At theInternational Maritime Defence Show in St Petersburg, Russia (10-14 July 2019), the Russian company Roselectronica presented the 1L65E portable station (1Л65Э). The latter would be able to detect and locate sources of radio emissions over a distance of 30 km. Weighing 6 kg, the device would have a database of previously detected signatures. The system would be capable of locating and recording frequencies ranging from 0.15 GHz to 18 GHz. The 1L65E would be special forces equipment.

Availability : N/A



"U.S. Army awards Northrop Grumman contract for laser designator rangefinder systems."

Defence Blog, 10 July 2019

(single source)

TheUS Army has signed a $17.6 million agreement with US industrialist Northrop Grumman to upgrade its Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder 2H (LLDR 2H) portable targeting systems. These systems will be equipped with increased high-precision and long-range imaging capability. This will be achieved by using an astronomical navigation system coupled with a digital magnetic compass. In addition, the LLDR 2H will incorporate thermal diode technology that consumes less power than older lasers, while producing higher output energy and lower beam divergence.

Availability : N/A



"ELTA Systems Joins Lockheed Martin to Offer Radar for US Army's LTAMDS"

Israel Defence, 9 July 2019

(source cross-checking)

For two weeks, Lockheed Martin and ELTA Systems, a subsidiary of the Israeli IAI Group, conducted a series of air defense exercises as part of theUS Army Lower Tier Airand Missile Defense Sensor (LTAMDS) program. The radar used on this occasion was the ELM-2084 Multi-Mission Radar (MMR). It has a detection capability ranging from 100 to 3,000 metres in altitude and a range of up to 250 km. This aircraft consists of a 3D multi-beam EASA radar system that detects and tracks ballistic targets and aircraft, while transmitting fire control information to air defence systems. Already operational, it equips, among others, the Israeli anti-aircraft defence systems (Iron Dome, David's Sling, Barak). This aircraft, replacing the Patriot radar (AN/MPQ 65), should meet theUS Army 's air defence requirements.

Availability : N/A



"Army 2019: remotely controlled combat module for T-15 Armata to undergo preliminary trials"

Army recognition, 4 July 2019

(single source)

The Russian company Uralvagonzavod, which specialises in armoured vehicles, has announced plans to test this year a remotely operated version of the turret of the T-15 Armata infantry vehicle. This unit was presented at the Army 2018 exhibition in Moscow. The turret would be equipped with a 57 mm automatic cannon with a firing rate of more than 80 rounds per minute. The shells would be capable of destroying infantry, armour and flying machines. Some of these shells could even pierce 120 mm thick armour at a distance of 1.5 km. The remotely operated turret would also be equipped with two anti-tank missiles. The T-15 infantry vehicle, capable of transporting 9 infantrymen in addition to a crew of 3 men, can reach a top speed of 55km/h for a range of 500 km.

Availability : tests in 2019


cid:image044.jpg@01D53D6E.6609C1B0

"Kalashnikov creates new anti-drone gun."

Armyrecognition, 10 July 2019

(source cross-checking)

ZALA AERO, a subsidiary of the Kalashnikov Group, presented its new REX-2 jamming gun at the Army 2019 exhibition. An improved version of the REX-1 developed in 2017, the REX-2 is based on a handgun. Smaller and lighter (3 kg), it would be equipped with jammers operating in the 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz frequency bands, frequencies generally associated with the global satellite navigation systems GPS, GLONASS, Beidou and Galileo. With a range of 2 km, the electromagnetic jammer would make it possible to jam a UAV's navigation system and accompany it to the ground.

Availability : N/A



"U.S. Army expects to receive about 500 modern light tanks."

Defence Blog, July 3, 2019

(single source)

According to the American site Defence Blog, theUS Army would seek to acquire light tanks to equip its light infantry brigades. EntitledMobile Protected Firepower, this project is part of the American Next-Generation Combat Vehicle capability renewal programme. The objective would be to obtain a "cyber-resilient" armored combat vehicle capable of delivering long-range precision firepower while maintaining all-terrain mobility. To achieve this, the vehicle would incorporate a 105mm gun, a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun and should weigh less than 40 tons. The project is expected to give back to the American infantry a light tank capability that it had lost in 1996 when the M551 Sheridan tanks were retired. The project foresees the beginning of service in 2025. Finally, the 82nd Airborne Division is expected to conduct prototype tests as early as next year.

Availability : 2025




"Mapping the international web: the Ministry of the Armed Forces launches the "SYNAPSE" challenge."

Ministry of the Armed Forces, 2 July 2019

(single source)

The Directorate of Military Intelligence (DRM) wishes to draw up a cartography of cyberspace and launches, in this respect, a challenge called SYNAPSE. The latter is a call for a demonstration of know-how, organised by the Intelligence Campus (the DRM's innovation structure) and supported by the Defence Innovation Agency. The aim is for a company, a consortium or a laboratory to demonstrate its ability to produce a cartography that accounts for the transit of data on an international scale and thus to highlight the logical and physical routes taken by the data. The launch day of the challenge is scheduled for 25 September 2019 and the winner should be named at the end of May 2020.

Availability : end of May 2020



"The 2ACI planned innovation project 2ACI receives the "AAT- General Engineer Song" award"

Directorate-General for Armaments, 4 July 2019

(single source)

On July 3, 2019, the "Ingénieur Général Chanson" prize was awarded to the "Automatic Target Acquisition by Imaging" (2ACI) project team. The project was designed by the MBDA missile manufacturer, the French SME Kalray (specialist in microprocessors for new intelligent systems), the DGA and the French Army's technical section (STAT). The aim was to develop a real-time target detection, recognition and identification function using AI. The 2ACI function will therefore facilitate the perception of a threat, making it possible to reduce the reaction time of the forces. Two demonstrators of the system have been produced and have been submitted for evaluation by the DGA in laboratory and operational conditions. This ICA2 function seems to have met expectations and could eventually be integrated into the Scorpion programme.

Availability : immediate



"Join Fighters@Digitals!"

Ministry of the Armed Forces, July 3, 2017

(single source)

On 4 July, the Combattantes@Numériques network created in 2018 by the Directorate General for Digital and Information and Communication Systems (DGNUM) organised its first event. The aim of this event was to encourage women from the Ministry of the Armed Forces to use their skills in the digital sector. Digital professionals currently account for 33% of the sector, including 13% in the Ministry of the Armed Forces. This event was therefore aimed at recruiting new talent.

Availability : N/A



"The DGA launches a call for tenders for the acquisition of terrestrial robots "mules" "

DGA twitter, 9 July 2019

(single source)

The Directorate General for Armament (DGA) issued a call for tenders for the acquisition of five "mule" land robots. With a view to a first OPEX experiment in 2020, the main mission of the robots sought will be to make the infantryman lighter and more mobile. Teleoperable, on sight and out of sight, towable, they will also be able to carry out refuelling, liaison and, more generally, reconnaissance and observation missions. Tenders are open until 7 August 2019.

Availability : N/A



"Exoskeletons: Innovation stand "Frenchmen meeting their armies" "

Defence Innovation Agency, 14 July 2019

(source cross-checking)

On 14 July 2019, the Defence Innovation Agency put forward 17 innovation projects, including two exoskeletons. The first, called Ultralight Passive Ruggedized Integrated Soldier Exoskeleton (UPRISE) from the Canadian company Mawashi, is a passive (non-motorized) device that relieves musculoskeletal disorders without increasing the physical capabilities of the wearer. It consists of a flexible spine, a belt and articulated legs. The system is compatible with ballistic protection equipment (when worn with helmet and plate holder). The chassis would, according to the company, allow 50% to 80% of the load to be transferred from the shoulders to the ground. The second device, presented by SAFRAN, is active (engine-assisted), but does not aim to increase physical capacity either. The aim is simply to increase endurance and physiological resilience after the effort.

Availability : In experimentation phase



""Army of the Future": Presentation of the NEROD F5 and DroneGun Tactical anti-UAV rifles""

Defence Innovation Agency, 14 July 2019

(single source)

The opening animation of the 14 July 2019 parade was an opportunity to present the French Nerod F5 anti-UAV rifles and the Australian DroneGun Tactical. This equipment would be capable of scrambling the communication protocols between the UAV and its pilot. They are designed on the model of a long gun, which would allow operators to be better able to detect, track and neutralize. Aiming at the UAV would suffice to render it unusable for up to 2.5 km. Directional antennas inside the rifle would allow jamming to be used at a specific time and location.

Availability: N/A



"Colossus and Stamina, two projects presented by the Defense Innovation Agency"

Defence Innovation Agency, 14 July 2019

(single source)

During the opening animation of the parade on July 14, the remote-controlled robot Colossus designed by Shark Robotics, known for its invaluable help during the fire at Notre Dame de Paris, aroused a lot of interest. With a height of 1m60 and weighing 420 kg, this device, equipped with caterpillars and remotely operated up to 300 m, is capable of taking readings of information and visual recognition using an on-board thermal camera. Already presented at the Vivatech exhibition, the Stamina robot was able to demonstrate its ability to move without GPS thanks to an image navigation system. This highly innovative robot is likely to be able to resist jamming and perform certain functions in complete safety, such as refueling or rescuing injured people.

Availability: N/A



"Defence Innovation Guidance Document (DID) 2019: The Department's New Ambitions for Innovation."

Ministry of the Armed Forces, 11 July 2019

(single source)

The French Ministry of the Armed Forces published the Defence Innovation Guidance Document (DOID) for the year 2019 on 12 July. Produced by the Defence Innovation Agency (AID), in close collaboration with the Directorate General of Armament (DGA), the DOID sets the main objectives of the Ministry of the Armed Forces in terms of innovation in the various fields of application. It also specifies the transformations to be implemented to best meet these challenges. These are based on the following components: detecting and capturing, generating and orienting, accelerating, sharing, enhancing and nurturing. Described as a "new impetus for defence innovation" by the Minister of the Armed Forces, Florence Parly, this document is intended to be updated every year.

Availability : immediate



"The Ministry of the Armed Forces will be recruiting science fiction writers and futurologists."

Defence Innovation Agency, 11 July 2019

(single source)

The Defence Innovation Agency has published a "Defence Innovation Guidance Document" (DOID) which sets out its future strategy. In this document, the creation of a Red Team of 4 to 5 people, composed of science fiction authors and futurologists, is announced. A "Red Team" is an independent group that aims to propose contradictory or alternative points of view to an organization, in order to enable it to improve its efficiency. The team will be tasked with proposing "disruptive scenarios" to "guide innovation efforts by imagining and reflecting on solutions to build or protect against disruptive capabilities," it reads. The Red Team will have to "develop valid strategic hypotheses, i.e. of a nature to disrupt capability plans". The work of this cell will be confidential, "given their sensitivity and to avoid inspiring potential adversaries".

Availability : N/A



"Defense innovation: Overcoming the fad."

Senate, July 18, 2019

(single source)

The Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and the Armed Forces published a report on 3 July entitled "Defence Innovation: Moving beyond the fad". Aware of the ever-increasing need for the armed forces to acquire breakthrough or "levelling" technologies to maintain their strategic autonomy, this report questions the next military programming law for 2019-2025 in its ability to meet this need. To this end, the report lists a list of current and future reforms likely to facilitate the acculturation of French defence actors to the innovation ecosystem and its particularities. It also highlights the potential of reservists who are part of this ecosystem, acting as sensors of innovation projects.

Availability : N/A





"No Grunts under 26, $250K bonuses: DoD's Most Radical ideas to Transform the Infantry"

Matthew Cox, Military.com, July 6, 2019.

(Single source)

The Pentagon's Close Combat Lethality Task Force (CCLTF) has been working for more than a year on the transformation ofUS Army and Marine infantrymen. The goal is to achieve a higher degree of lethality and specialization, using the 75th Rangers Regiment as an example. Designed and conceived by former Secretary of Defense General James Mattis, this program aims to transform the methods of infantry recruitment and training. New recruits should therefore have a minimum of 26 years (greater life experience) and would benefit from a salary increase (from $36,000 to $60,000 per year). Various bonuses would also be introduced. Recruitment would also be more selective, with harder physical tests and longer training. Several experts consider that the cost of such a reform would be too high in view of theUS Army's finances.



"Blood and Concrete: 21st Century Conflict on Urban Centers and Megacities"

Small Wars Journal, July 5, 2019

(Source cross-checked)

The Small Wars Journal has just published an anthology on urban combat. Blood and Concrete, 21st Century Conflict on Urban Centers and Megacities brings together a decade of writings published by the journal, in addition to exclusive content. It includes a preface by David Kilcullen, an introduction to John Spencer's Urban Warfare Studies, and an analysis of the rise of urban violence. In addition, there is an epilogue on the challenges, opportunities and modes of operation specific to operations in urban areas. This publication includes 50 chapters and more than 80 authors. Margarita Kornaev's conclusion sums up the important contribution of this volume to the literature on counter-terrorism and irregular warfare: "As the world's urban population continues to grow, the future of international security will be determined by what happens in cities.



"European Defence: The Challenge of Strategic Autonomy"

Ronan Le Gleut and Hélène Conway-Mouret, Sénat.fr, 3 July 2019

(single source)

On 3 July, the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and the Armed Forces published a report entitled "European defence: the challenge of strategic autonomy". Based on some 10 hearings in seven European countries, the report seeks to strike a balance between the "pessimism that often surrounds European defence" and the federalist vision of a "European army". Rather than replacing NATO, the report's objective of strategic autonomy is to strengthen French and European participation in ad hoc European Union and NATO cooperation. The report concludes with twelve recommendations to achieve this. These include the drafting of a White Paper on European defence, raising the profile of defence issues within the European institutions and support for the forthcoming budget of the European Defence Fund.

ci


"DARPA Wants to Build Conscious Robots Using Insect Brains".

Jon Cristian, futurism.com, 12 January 2019

(single source)

In January, the Pentagon launched a project to merge insect brains with robots. The aim is to use these brains to create new and better models of artificial intelligence (AI). DARPA is particularly interested in the internal structure of insects which, through forced miniaturisation, allows for the optimal use of energy. It is also important to note that experiments on insects could lead to progress in the field of «conscience". DARPA would like to be able to measure the level of consciousness of the creatures. The first objective is therefore to establish a map of the insect's intelligence system before developing a platform to link it to AI systems.




"July 6, 1809: Napoleon had a narrow escape from Wagram."

Herodotus, 27 November 2018

(single source)

The 210th anniversary of the victory at the Battle of Wagram was commemorated on July 6. The battle took place in the Marchfeld plains on the north bank of the Danube near the village of Deutsch-Wagram, north-east of Vienna. It pitted the imperial armies of France and Austria against each other. This confrontation marked the end of the Austrian campaign. After taking Vienna on 12 May 1809, Napoleon crossed the Danube on 5 July accompanied by an army of 100,000 men organised into six corps. In the Marchfeld plains, at dawn on 6 July, Napoleon set up an artillery line comprising 104 pieces of different calibres on a front 1400 metres wide. French 4, 8 and 12-pounder cannons open fire. During this battle, the artillery fired more than 96,000 cannonballs, contributing to the disablement of nearly 50,000 Austrians. Napoleon won the victory thanks to the joint engagement of artillery, infantry and cavalry. This victory would lead to the signing of the Treaty of Vienna on October 14, 1809. According to Philippe Guyot, artillery culture officer, "the Battle of Wagram is a historical example of the use of artillery for the benefit of the victory that all artillerymen commemorate each year.



"The battle of Aqaba - 100 years on: an analysis of the battle that birthed Lawrence of Arabia"

Max Gwynne, Darrow.uk, 31 July 2017

(source cross-checking)

A "prop among props" theatre, this is how the Middle East conflict was perceived during the First World War, according to Colonel T. E. Lawrence (1888 - 1935). The Battle of Aqaba of July 6, 1917 is nevertheless worth recalling, both for its strategic consequences and for the affirmation of the legend of "Lawrence of Arabia". Opposing the Arab forces of the Emir Faisal, advised by Colonel Lawrence, to a thousand Ottoman infantrymen, this battle had as its objective the capture of the port of Aqaba, on the Red Sea in present-day Jordan. Fearing a debacle like that of El-Ouedj, Lawrence gave up an amphibious manoeuvre in favour of a desert crossing of more than two months in the company of his 500 camel drivers to reach the objective by land. His strength will then be quadrupled thanks to the rallying of the local Bedouin tribes. First victory of the Arab forces assisted by Lawrence, it could have been tragic for the colonel, who almost killed himself during the final charge by inadvertently shooting his camel.The capture of the port of Aqaba allowed the joining of Arab and British forces from Egypt and isolated the Ottoman forces stationed at Madinah.



"Understanding the Army's external commitments over the past 30 years"

Centre for Doctrine and Command Teaching, Pensée mili-terre.fr

(single source)

The CDEC's Pensée mili-terre site now includes an educational tab entitled "Understanding the Army's external commitments over the past 30 years". Conducted by the Pôle études et prospective in collaboration with three reservist officers who are history teachers, this project aims to support preparation for the Army's competitive examinations by offering summary sheets on its commitments over the last thirty years. This project is entirely consistent with the new history and geography curricula of the French National Education system. Reinforced by documents and sources selected for their relevance, these fact sheets make it possible to satisfy a wider interest in contemporary, historical and geopolitical issues.


 


 
Armée