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The Pathfinder N°33

NOVEMBER 2020

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The Scout N°26

DECEMBER 2019

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The Scout N°23

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The Scout N°22

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The Scout N°21

OCTOBER 2019

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The Scout N°19

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The Scout N°18

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The Scout N°17

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The Scout N°16

JULY 2019

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The Scout N°15

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The Scout N°14

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Issue 25 - December 16, 2019

The Pathfinder is a subject-oriented watch for prospective studies on air-land operations, currently conducted by the Command Doctrine and Training Centre (CDEC).

This document is based solely on unclassified sources. Its purpose is to provide a quick fortnightly overview of the information disseminated in the media and likely to be of interest to the world of defence. The briefs collected are limited to raw summaries of the documents analysed and cross-checked whenever possible by interviews conducted by its editors. It is therefore up to each reader to contextualise this information, particularly when it comes from official foreign sources, according to the use he or she wishes to make of it and the nature of the conclusions that he or she must draw from it.




"Exclusive Killing Cruise Missiles: Pentagon to Test Rival Lasers."

Breaking Defense, December 2, 2019

(single source)

To meet the needs of armies for 300 kW laser equipment between now and 2022, the Department of Defense (DoD) has selected several manufacturers in its call for tenders. Currently, the American industry is proposing several prototypes ranging from 50 to 150 kW, a power already capable of destroying drones. The ultimate objective would be to destroy cruise missiles by 2024 using 500 kW weapons.



"MBDA completes major trials milestone of CAMM-ER air defense missile"

Army recognition, December 2, 2019

Data sheet CAMM-ER

MBDA, available via the second tab "more information".

(source cross-checking)

MBDA announced that it has conducted several tests of the long-range version of its ground-to-air Common Anti-Air Modular Missile - Extended Range (CAMM-ER) as part of the Land Ceptor program. This is intended to replace the batteries of the British Army 's Rapier missiles. The contribution of this missile lies in its more powerful engine, which enables it to hit targets up to 45 km away. It was ordered by the Italian Armed Forces, which plan to integrate it into their three armies.



"Raytheon unveils new dismounted soldier training simulator"

Army recognition, December 3, 2019

(single source)

On December 3, 2019, Raytheon unveiled immersive military training software at I/ITSEC in Orlando. TheSynthetic Training Environment Squad and Soldier VirtualTrainer ( STE SVT ) uses virtual reality for training down to the platoon level, using different scenarios and real or virtual weapons. Raytheon's goal is to provide theU.S. Army with a simulation environment that allows soldiers to train anywhere, anytime. To this end, they would be equipped with a virtual reality helmet connected to a laptop computer.



"Russia develops multilayered C-UAS system"

Jane's, 29 November 2019

(single source)

The Russian company Rosoborenexport, a subsidiary of the state-owned Rostec group, has developed a C-UAS(Counter Unmanned Aerial System) anti-UAV system that would combine neutralisation/destruction capabilities by both electronic and kinetic means.s. It would be capable of jamming communication channels at a distance of 30 km, detecting drones, repelling swarm attacks and destroying small drones within a radius of 6 km and at an altitude of 2,000 metres.



"Switzerland awards contract to GDELS - Mowag to deliver 100 Eagle V 6x6 reconnaissance vehicles"

Army recognitionDecember 5, 2019

(single source)

The Swiss company GDELS-Mowag has announced that on 18 November 2019 it has signed a contract with the Federal Office of Armaments (Armasuisse) for the delivery of 100 Eagle V 6x6 armoured reconnaissance vehicles to the Swiss Army. It would serve as a platform for the TASYS tactical reconnaissance system, consisting of the Eagle V and a multi-sensor system mounted on a telescopic mast. The vehicle would have a payload reserve to accommodate further enhancements. Production would start in 2020 for delivery between 2023 and 2025.

Availability : 2023-2025



"Elbit's XACT weapon sights enter operational service with the IDF."

Israel Defense, December 5, 2019

(single source)

Several thousand uncooled XACT th64 and th65 thermal sights with uncooled sensors from Elbit Systems, ordered by the Israeli army, will enter into service with Israeli infantry units and special forces. The XACT th64 would be capable of acquiring vehicles at a range of 1100 m (1250 m for th65) and individuals at a range of 600 m (750 m for th65). Mounted on the weapon or usable autonomously, they would operate day and night. This system, like its predecessors, does not require cryogenic cooling.

Availability : Current



"Israel, Czech Republic sign $125M deal for multi-mission radars"

Israel DefenseDecember 5, 2019

(single source)

On 5 December 2019, the Directorate for International Cooperation of the Israeli Ministry of Defence signed an agreement with the Czech Ministry of Defence. The latter awards the Israeli company IAI ELTA a contract for the acquisition of 8 ELM-2084 multi-mission radars(MMR). The latter would have dual capabilities allowing both air detection and the localisation of artillery firing. 30% of the production linked to this programme would be carried out under a Czech licence. The $125 million contract provides for delivery between 2021 and 2023.

Availability : 2021-2023



"U.S. Army seeks new TITAN expeditionary intelligence ground station."

Defense Blog, December 8, 2019

(source cross-checking)

As part of the Battle Management Command and Communication programme, theU.S. Army has issued a call for tenders for its future ground-based mobile intelligence stations . These are part of a project called TITAN (Tactical Intelligence Targeting Access Node). Mounted on a vehicle, these stations would be capable of linking information from multiple sensors (satellite, air and ground) to provide real-time targeting data. These depth sensing capabilities are expected to improve long-range precision strikes, thereby enhancing theU.S. Army 's ability to help counter opposing A2/AD defenses.



"Heeres-Planung: Boxer-'Radschützenpanzer' soll Wiesel ablösen."

"Ground programming: The Boxer infantry fighting vehicle should replace the Wiesel."

Augen Geradeaus, 9 December 2019

(single source)

The German Army(Bundesheer) plans to replace some of its Wiesel infantry vehicles with Boxer 8x8 armoured transport vehicles armed with a 30 mm automatic gun. Manufactured by the Artec consortium (Rheinmetall and KMW), the Boxer transports up to 8 combatants. Equipped with a Lance turret, the firepower and range of its armament give new capabilities to the infantry units that will be equipped with it. It recently won the contract for the Australian LAND 400 acquisition program. The Bundesheer is said to have conducted the first operational tests and is planning to acquire about 80 of these vehicles.




" 16thA 400M : first aircraft capable of dropping 16 tons of material at once "

Ministry of the Armed Forces, December 6, 2019

(single source)

After successful tests involving the simultaneous drop of paratroopers through the side doors and in-flight refuelling of helicopters last October, the A400M transport aircraft obtained a new qualification: the parachuting of a 16-tonne load of equipment in one go. On 4 December 2019, the French Minister of the Armed Forces Florence Parly welcomed the arrival of thefirst A400M with this capability at the Orléans-Bricy base, following its acceptance by the DGA. Particularly expected to accompany the evolution of ground troops in operations, this new capability should notably allow the release of engineering terrain organisation devices. As a reminder, this is the 16th A400M delivered to France since 2013.



Innov'Days : the NEMO(New ElectroMagnetic Observer) tactical radar.

On the occasion of Innov'Days 2019, Thales presented its new 3D NEMO radar for monitoring a tactical bubble. It would make it possible to detect several types of threat at the same time (rockets, drones, aircraft, vehicles, etc.). Thanks to a transmitter on a mast and a receiver antenna installed on a trailer, deployable in 30 minutes, it would create a protective bubble 10 km in diameter. With the help of a second antenna carried by a tethered balloon, also deployable in 30 minutes, this bubble would extend to 20 km. It could identify the starting point of fire if it is inside the bubble, or provide an estimate if it is outside. In addition, Thales guarantees the integration of this equipment into the Scorpio information and command system. The first tests should be carried out between 2022 and 2023.





"Universal Soldier: US expects cyborg troops in 30 years"

Army technology, December 2, 2019

In a declassified November 2019 report, the Department of Defense estimates that many major innovations, such as improved muscle awareness and control through optogenetic sensors, or hearing and neuronal improvement in soldiers, could be achieved in 2050 or sooner. The study highlights the implications and ethical issues surrounding the cyborg soldier: the predictions paint a picture of a future soldier close to the action films of the 1980s such as Universal Soldier. Finally, one of the key innovations of this system would be the possibility of interacting with the human brain, allowing soldiers to communicate directly with machines such as drones or remote weapon systems. This technology, known as Brain-Computer Interfacing , now occupies a strategic place in DARPA's research.



"The European Defense Fund: a game changer for European defense industrial collaboration"

IRIS, ARES (Armament Industry European Research Group), 22 November 2019

In this article, Georgi IANAKIEV analyses the current state of the European defence industry and then considers the potential of the European Defence Fund, whose draft regulation was adopted by the European Parliament in April 2019. The draft regulation was adopted by the European Parliament in April 2019. It has two components: on the one hand, the funding of research projects on priority themes in the framework of the Common European Security Policy (CFSP); on the other hand, cooperation between the defence industries of the different member states, encouraged by financial support for the development of innovative technologies. The author, after presenting the challenges that call into question the sustainability of the European defence industry, insists on the need to change the paradigm by increasing cross-border activities. In this respect, the European Defence Fund appears to be a major innovation which, while encouraging more cooperation, guarantees its greater effectiveness. However, as long as it has not been effectively implemented by industry and the Member States, the expected results cannot be achieved.



"Artificial intelligence and international politics. The impacts of a technological breakthrough".

French Institute for International Relations (Ifri), November 2019

In this Ifri study, Julien NOCETTI, teacher-researcher at the Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan Schools and artificial intelligence specialist, shows the major implications on the international scene of the "technological break" induced by AI. This "unidentified object" for practitioners of international relations remains closely linked to changes in the international economic situation. At the heart of the Sino-American technological rivalry, AI is thus contributing to the broadening of the spectrum of modern warfare and in particular paving the way for a new race for autonomous lethal weapon systems (ALWS). The author insists on the need for global governance of AI, recalling the importance of taking into account the ethical questions raised by this new technology. Faced with this major challenge, which concerns both the public and private sectors, the European Union must catch up, otherwise it will be marginalised in the face of the lead taken by the United States and (above all) China.





The Mark VIII Tank

Encyclopedia Tanks

On December 3, 1917, the Allied program for the first heavy tank in history was launched: the Mark VIII or Liberty tank. The result of wartime cooperation between the American, British and French governments, it was assembled in Châteauroux from English superstructures, based mainly on British tank models, and American engines. The ammunition (208 shells and 12,848 machine gun cartridges) was stored in a large locker on the platform of the combat compartment where the crew stood. The aircraft then had a range of 60 to 80 km over rough terrain. The end of the First World War put an end to this joint project despite satisfactory experimentation. However, the US Congress authorized the production of 100 Mark VIII tanks for the US Army. They are delivered between 1919 and 1920 by the Rock Island Arsenal to the 67th Infantry Regiment based in Aberdeen, Maryland. The Liberty remained the only heavy tank in service with theUS Army until the arrival of the M6 Heavy Tank in 1942 and later the M26 Pershing.



History of the UAV

Professional Federation of Civil UAVs

An essential element of modern warfare, the UAV is however not a recent tool in view of the history of its design. The "pilotless aircraft" or automaticairplane projectdates back to the First World War, with the Hewitt-Sperry project in the United States and in France, under the impetus of Georges Clemenceau, then Chairman of the Senate Committee for the Army. The Voisin BN3 (opposite) was the first French unmanned aerial vehicle to see the light of day in the 1920s. The name "drone" ("false bumblebee" in English) appeared in the 1930s in the United Kingdom, to describe this slow and noisy equipment. Then developed secretly during the Cold War by the United States, it was first used operationally during the Vietnam and Yom Kippur wars, reducing the risk of human losses during armed conflicts.




 


 
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